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Cultura e Mitologia / 18/05/2021

WORLD CULTURE

Culture and Folklore in South America

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Culture and Folklore in South America


Culture and Folklore in South America

Most countries had influences different the indigenous, the colonizers and the Africans. This mix resulted in dances, music, parties, rich and attractive.

The history of the countries of South America is full of battles between colonizers and natives, with the objective of territorial possessions. As in Brazil, our neighbors on the continent also had miscegenation of races, adaptations of regions and customs. The Catholic religion and the indigenous and African rituals formed very interesting folk festivals.

The culture and folklore in South America, is one of the factors of attraction in trips. One of the events that most attracts tourists is the Inti Raymi in Peru, in the city of Cusco in June, considered to be a very high season.

In Peru, it is one of the countries with the most folkloric and cultural manifestations in South America. It inherits many customs of the Incas, which were incorporated into the culture of the colonizers. One of the folkloric manifestations that receives the most visitors is on the winter solstice, the Inti Raymi, Festa do Sol. Heritage of the Incas in adoration of the star king and thanks for the harvest.

April to October is the best time to visit the country, due to the low incidence of rain.

Winter Solstice

Every June 21, when the sun sets over the Tropic of Cancer, winter begins in the southern hemisphere and summer in the northern hemisphere. But it is not only the beginning of a new season, but also the longest night of the year, in which the Andean and millennial stories are renewed; is the night before the great Sun Festival: Inti Raymi.

Historians say that the last Inti Raymi record dates 1535, when the ceremony was suspended by the Spanish. In its original version, according to the chronicles of the Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, the party lasted nine days and the cusqueños were prepared three days before with a strict diet based on corn and herbs.

The event, which was the starting point of the new year, was celebrated in the current Plaza de Armas (formerly the former Auqaypata or Praça do Guerreiro) and the mummies of ancestral nobles were brought so that they could also participate in the celebration to Pai Sol ( Taita Inti, in the Quechua language).

It is the largest folk festival in the country, in various locations in Cusco there are stagings with typical clothes. The participants recreate the same celebrations of their people, also focused on Pachamama, mother earth.

Inty Raymi - Peru

Puno - South American Folk Capital

The Festivity of the Virgin Mary of La Candelaria takes place in February for two weeks in the city of Puno. The event has processions followed by thousands of faithful, with folk dances on the shores of Lake Titicaca. The festivities are linked to pre-Hispanic agrarian cycles. Puno is considered the Folk Capital of South America.

Peru is one of the countries in South America with the most cultural and folkloric manifestations. Inca culture is well preserved. In addition to the Inti Raymi and the Festivity of the Virgin, there are other parties that are worth seeing such as the Andean Christmas in Cusco and the Homeland Festivities in July across the country.

Peru has several regions and cities of contrasts, totally different Brazil. Among the most touristic cities and regions are: Lima, Cusco, Machu Picchu, Sacred Valley, Ica, Arequipa, Puno, etc.

Peru is also a honeymoon destination.

La Tirana - Chilean cultural festival

In Chile, cultural and folkloric manifestations are varied according to the region. The Feast of La Virgen de La Tirana in Iquique is a religious event. It is the largest religious festival in the North and the second most popular, culture and folklore in South America.

Cueca - Chilean folk dance

Cueca is a dance typical of some countries in South America. In Chile it is considered the national dance. The beautiful and colorful dance represents the love, culture and folklore conquest in South America,

Valdivian Week - Culture of Chile

One of Chile's biggest celebrations is in February, when summer is said goodbye in the city of Valdivia, which is 830 kilometers south of Santiago. Every year more than 40 decorated boats parade along the Calle Calle river. There is a prize for the most beautiful vessel. In addition to the beautiful spectacle, there are also food, typical music and fireworks.

About Chile - Spectacular landscapes, culture and folklore

Allied to cultural and folkloric manifestations, Chile is a country with unique characteristics in geography. A narrow strip between the sea and the Andes, with diverse landscapes. In addition to the visual, each region developed with its colorful cultural manifestations and full of symbolism.

Valparaíso graffiti: the renewed city of Chile.

Viña del Mar what to do in one of the most visited cities in Chile.

Flower Fair - Culture in Colombia

In Colombia, the Flower Fair in the city of Medellín, known as eternal spring, due to the temperate climate, is one of the attractive manifestations. In early August, there is a beautiful parade of “sileteros”, a kind of wooden frame full of flowers through the streets.

A spectacle that delights visitors. It is worth checking out the culture and folklore in South America,

Palenqueras in Cartagena - Colombia

In Cartagena, the city's “trademark” is the Palenqueras, fruit sellers, with their colorful dresses and turbans. The name must originate the “palenque” Creole language, spoken by enslaved Africans who obtained freedom or fled their masters.

About Colombia - Country rich in culture and folklore

Colombia receives more and more Brazilian visitors in search of the diversity it offers. There is a certain similarity with Brazil, due to the African heritage, in addition to some tropical characteristics mainly in Cartagena and the Island of San Andrés.

Fiesta del Dançante - Culture and folklore in Ecuador

In Ecuador on the third Saturday of June there is the Fiesta del Dançante or Corpus Christi, which has roots in the indigenous, Spanish and Catholic tradition. In general, it is an ancient custom of the indigenous people to thank the harvest.

La Mama Negra - Cultural Influences in Ecuador

The festival brings together influences Christianity, Africans and Indians. There is a rich syncretism between cultures. The celebration takes place in September and November, in the city of Latacunga, 89 km Quito, in the Cotopaxi volcano region. There are dancers with typical clothes or masks, parades, in addition to a representative of Mama Negra, the protagonist of the party.

About Ecuador - Tourism, culture and folklore

Ecuador is also a country with a unique and differentiated geography. There are many volcanoes with stunning scenery. Quito has a well-preserved colonial architectural heritage and the Galapagos Islands, a stronghold of animals. The country with a strong indigenous influence, knew how to preserve its cultural manifestations well.

Ecuador tourist attractions: Quito, Cotopaxi, Galapagos and Half the World.

Carnival in Brazil - The biggest popular party

In Brazil, Carnival is a “registered trademark”, it is the biggest popular party in the country. It is a time when everything is up to the party, which takes place Saturday to Ash Wednesday. Considered as the biggest popular festival, it is a mix of European heritage, with the cultural and folk elements of Africans and Indians.

Who knew that the biggest Brazilian party has origins in antiquity, Mesopotamia! It started with “meat deprivation”, hence the name, during the fasts that preceded religious festivals.

In the early days, men dressed as women, dressed up as kings, changed. It was in the 8th century that the Catholic Church created Lent and soon came the antecedent period for committing excesses: Carnival. This tradition arrived in Brazil in the colonial period and fell in the taste of Brazilians.

About Brazil

There are many incredible places in Brazil to visit, the interior cities in the heart of the country, to the most visited destinations. Among the attractions are popular and folk festivals, in different regions.

In addition to Carnival, there is a rich offerings such as: Parintins Folk Festival in Amazonas, São João de Campina Grande and Caruaru, Cavalhadas de Pirenópolis, Bumba Meu Boi in Maranhão and many others.


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